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新春特辑 | 移动区块链是通往信用时代的唯一途径:杨税令@TEDxShapowei

2019-02-06 20:24 编辑:btc268.com 来源:区块链资讯

  

  TEDxShapowei 新春特辑

  2018年度大会演讲人(二)

  杨税令 | 移动区块链是通往信用时代的唯一途径

  Souviens Yang | Mobile Blockchain--The Only Way lead the Age of Credit

  

  演讲视频完整版

  区块链是什么:规则

  What is Blockchain: Rules

  

  今天,我们每一个人都生活在一个依靠信用的社会里。但我们这个依靠信用社会,却没有一个信用基础设施。这让我们这个名叫信用的社会,却频频发生了信用丧失的事件,比如说让银行头痛的欠钱不还的老赖问题、让无数父母放心不下的来路不明的黑疫苗问题、以及让我们每一个有网购经历的人头痛不已的家庭住址、隐私被泄漏的问题,种种这些问题无不在困扰着我们每一个人。而这些问题也正在加剧社会的摩擦,而这些摩擦的积累正在逐步超过我们社会前进的动力,它将逐步导致社会发展停滞的风险,甚至出现一些骗子横行、坏人滋润的扭曲现象。

  Today, we all live ina credit SOCiety. However,there is no such thing as a credit infrastructure. That is why there arefrequent loses of credit in a so-called credit society. Such as deadbeats (aperson or company that tries to avoid paying their debts)who drive the bank crazy, vaccinescandal that worry numerous parents, data privacy leakage such as onlineshopping address. All of these problems are bothering us everywhere. Meanwhile,they are also gradually exacerbating social friction. However, the accumulationof friction is surpassing the driving force of social progress, which will leadto the risk of stagnation in social development or eVEN worse, to the societywith a great deal of tricksters and bad guys.

  

  在科技如此发达的今天,有没有一种方法可以帮助我们从根本上解决这些问题呢?有,它就是区块链。那区块链到底是什么呢?它是一条链子?还是一个分布式的站点数据库,又或者是一个新型传销?在我看来,都不是。

   NowADAys, with the development of scienceand technology, is there a way to help us solve these problems fundamentallyYes, it's Blockchain. So whatexactly is the Blockchain Is it a chain Is it a distributed database of nodesor a new type of pyramid marketing For me, none of them is correct.

  

  究其根本,区块链就是一个规则,一个依靠数学自主运行的规则。那这个规则是怎么运作的呢?举个例子,我们来扔骰子,谁大谁赢,结果有人为了赢,在骰子上做了手脚,扔的全是八,我们很容易发现他破坏了游戏规则,如果在区块链的世界里,这个人将直接消失,并将再也无法参与扔骰子,他和他作弊这件事也将从来没有发生过;这让遵守规则而留下来的人之间彼此是可信的。在区块链的世界里,只有遵守规则的人能存在,不遵守规则的人将消失,这让遵守规则的人之间彼此是可信的。

  Basically,Blockchain is a rule that depends on mathematics to run independently. So howdoes this rule work Let’s take dice-rolling game as an example. The person whogets the biggest number wins the game. But if someone who cheats by alwaysgetting number 8 in order to win the game, then we’ll easily find that he hasbroken the rules. If he is in the world of Blockchain he will disappear directly and can never participate in dicerolling game anymore. His record and his cheating would be eliminated. It built trust between the peoplewho followed the rules to stay. In the world of Blockchain, only those who play by the rules can survive, otherwise beingeliminated, which makes the participants can trust each other.

  

  二、区块链解决了什么问题

  What problems have Blockchain solved

  而区块链这种规则,它几乎可以用到我们工作生活学习等方方面面。在日常生活当中,由于信用不透明,一些简单的事情也会变的很复杂。我们还是以扔骰子为例,今天我们让现场在座的观众一起扔骰子,依然是谁大谁赢,赢了送一辆跑车。

  Blockchainis a rule that can be applied to almost all aspects of our work, life andlearning. In our daily life, some simple things become complicated due to theopacity of credit. We still take dice rolling as an example. The organizers let attendees today roll dice togETHer. The one who gets the biggest number could win a car.

  

  我看到有部分观众已经有点小激动了,大家心里开始对这辆跑车有点小激动,但同时心里也会有一些担忧和疑问,比如我怎么知道旁边这个人扔的骰子不是六面都是六呢?我怎么知道其他人扔的骰子是扔的而不是摆放的呢?比如我怎么知道主办方的统计结果就是实际扔的结果呢?为了让这个游戏显得公正有效,我们想到了设立监督机制,引入公示人员,并进一步地想到了我们引入第三方审查机构,但尽管这样,我们心里还是有点小担忧,那如果监督人员、公示人员、审查人员联合作弊怎么办。

   I believe that at this time you have started to feel a little excited about thiscar,but atthe same time you will have some worries and doubts. For example, how do I knowthat his/her dice is not six at each sided, how do I know that others arethrown rather than placed or the statistical results are the same as actual. So,in order to make this activity appear fair and effective, we think ofintroducing supervision and publicity mechanism. Moreover, we further think ofestablishing a third-party review mechanism. Nevertheless, we still worriedabout what to do if the supervisors, publicists and examiners jointly cheattogether.

  

  我想此刻大家的心已经不在扔骰子这个游戏上了,而是如何杜绝作弊,以及由此衍生出来的公平、公正的问题。到这里,我们发现,就这么一个简单的扔骰子游戏,要杜绝作弊,让我们操碎了心,大家甚至都忘了送跑车这件事情。而这个扔骰子的游戏几乎是我们现在社会活动当中,几乎一切活动变得复杂的缩影。

  I think,at this moment, our minds are no longer focus on the game, but on how toeliminate cheating and the issues of fairness and justice derived from it. Youcan see that such a simple dice rolling game make us worries so much about howto eliminate cheating. We even forget the prize. This dice-rolling game is amicrocosm of all activities are of the complexity insociety.

  

  比较庆幸的是,在区块链的世界里,这一切都将不再复杂。我们只需要将扔骰子这个游戏规则放到区块链中,我们就不用担心公平问题。在区块链的世界里,只有遵守规则的人才能存在,这让我们不用再担心作弊的问题,让我们可以把注意力放在享受游戏上。而区块链的这种游戏这种规则,它几乎可以应用到我们工作、生活、学习当中,日常生活当中,凡是有规则的事情都可以使用区块链来进行解决,它可以让我们在工作、生活、学习的过程中充满信任感。

  Fortunately,in the world ofBlockchain, all this will not be complex. Whatwe need to do is put the rules of the dice rolling game into the Blockchain,then can STOp worrying about fairness. Because only by following the rules can existin the world of Blockchain which let us enjoy the game instead of worryingabout cheating. The rules of Blockchain can be applied to almost all aspects ofour work, life and learning. In daily life, everything with rules can be solvedby Blockchain, which can make us full of trust in the process of work, life andlearning.

   

  我们再以一个私密笔记为例,日常生活当中,如果我们记了一些私密笔记不想让别人看到,我们会想办法给这个笔记本上锁,在互联网时代我们会为它设置密码,比如像印象笔记或QQ空间等,这个设置密码的动作让我们觉得我们的笔记变得私密,但它真的私密吗?我们怎么知道它的管理员没有在后台偷看呢?我们没法知道。而在区块链的世界中,我们可以去定义一个规则,我的私密笔记只有我自己可以查看。那我们就可以放心的把私密笔记放在区块链上,因为任何想要偷看我私密笔记的人都将违反规则,而违反规则的人都将从区块链的世界里消失。

  Let'stake a private note as an example. In our daily life, if we write some privatenotes and don't want others to see, we will find ways to lock them. In theInternet era, we will set passwords for notebooks, such as Evernote or Q-zone. Aftersetting passwords, it seems that they are already safe, but is it reallyprivate How do we know that their backstage administrators didn't peek at itWe have no idea. In the world of Blockchain we can define a rule that nobodybut ourselves can read our private notes. At this point, we can put assuredlyour private notes on Blockchain, because anyone who wants to peek at our noteswill violate the rules, and those who violate the rules will disappear.

  

  到这里,我们发现,在区块链的世界里,让无数超级大公司头痛没有办法解决的隐私问题,竟然被它轻易的解决掉了。此刻,我们感受到了一丝区块链的强大。但是,区块链这么强大,为什么发展了十年还没有在我们的生活当中普及呢?这里最主要的原因是我们没有见过真正的区块链。

  Here, we find that in the world of Blockchain, innumerable problems that cannot be solved by super-largecompanies are easily solved here. At this moment, we feel the strength of Blockchain.TheBlockchain is so strong, however, why has it not been popularized in our lifeafter ten years of development The main reason is that we haven't seen a realBlockchain.

  三、移动区块链是什么:真正的区块链

  What is the mobile Blockchain A real Blockchain

  

  为什么这么说呢?根本原因是设备跟不上。目前由于手机等移动设备计算和存储能力限制的问题,目前所有的区块链都运行在一台台的服务器上,而这些服务器几乎都由第三方的机构管理和控制。终端用户看到、以及所使用的一切是这些机构希望用户看到和使用的一切,这就给这些机构提供了作弊的可能,同时在这种情况下,就算这些机构没有作弊,终端用户也没法真正相信,因为终端用户使用的是他们提供的区块链服务,而不是区块链本身,而没有使用区块链本身,就相当于没有区块链。这就是为什么说到目前为止,都没有真正意义上的区块链。

  Why do Isay so Because the equipment cannot keep it up. At present, due to the problemof computing power of mobile devices, like mobile phones, all Blockchain canonly run on one server which is cONTrolled by the third party. What the end-userscan see and use is what these organizations wants users to see and make. Thisgives them the possibility of cheating. And in this case, even if they didn’tcheat, they can't really convince users, because the users use the Blockchainservices they provided, not Blockchain itsELF. And notusing Blockchain itself is equivalent to not having Blockchain. This is why there is noreal Blockchain so far.

   

  我们依然以扔骰子和私密笔记来进一步说明。在前面的场景当中,即使主办方使用了区块链来扔骰子,但我们只是去了主办方家里去扔他家的骰子,这里疑问依然存在,我们怎么知道我扔的骰子跟其他人扔的是同一副呢?只要骰子还在主办方家里,这个质疑就永远存在。私密笔记也是一样,就算我们使用区块链来记录私密笔记,但是由于我们需要去提供私密笔记的服务商的地盘,去使用他所提供的私密笔记服务,由于我们是在这服务商的地盘使用他家的服务,由于是在他家,所以他也无法证明自己没有作弊,即使用了区块链。 

  We willuse the example of dice-rolling and private notes to make further explanation.In the dice-rolling case, even though the organizer used the Blockchain rulesto roll dice, but we just rollDICE of the ORGANIZERS, where the questionstill exists. How do we know that the dice we roll are the same with others Aslong as the dice is still provided by the organizers, these doubts will alwaysexist. The same as private notes, because we need to GOTo a certain site to use its Blockchain-based private note service, because itis in the site of the service provider, and the service provider also has noway to prove that they did not cheat, even using Blockchain.

  

  那么如何解决第三方服务商作弊的问题呢?很简单,就是去掉第三方。只要骰子还在我们自己手里,我们就不用担心作弊的问题。我们依然以扔骰子和私密笔记来做进一步的说明。如果我们使用移动区块链来扔骰子,就相当于是把骰子拿到了我们自己手里,你只要遵守规则就可以享受移动区块链提供的信用服务,而如果作弊,你将从区块链的世界里消失,这让遵守规则而留下来扔骰子的人之间彼此是可信的。

  How to solve the problem of third partyservice providers cheating It's very simple. The answer is to get rid of third party.As long as the dice is in our own hands, we don't have to worry about theproblem of cheating. We still take dice-rolling and private notebooks case as examples. If weuse mobile Blockchain to roll dice, it is equivalent to taking dice into ourown hands. As long as you obey the rules, you can enjoy the credit services ofBlockchain. But if you cheat, you will disappear from the world of Blockchainand those players who still exist will be credible with each other.

  

  私密笔记也是一样,如果我们使用移动区块链来记录私密笔记,就相当于是我们自己手里有一本电子加密记事本,随时随地由我们自己记录,随处都在区块链的覆盖范围内,就像前面这两个例子一样。

  The sameis TRUE of private notes. In the mobile Blockchain world, it is equivalent tohaving an electronic encrypted notebook in our hands, which can be recorded byourselves at any time. It's everywhere in Blockchain coverage, as in theprevious two examples.

  移动区块链,为我们提供了一个真正享受区块链信用服务的能力,将我们纳入到区块链的规则保护范围中,让我们随时随地都在区块链的覆盖范围内,为我们提供了一个可信的、人人遵守规则的可信环境,而这样的环境,将会为我们开启一个人人遵守规则的可信时代。这个时代,就是移动区块链的时代。

   Mobile Blockchain bring us the ability totruly enjoy the credit services of Blockchain and put us be in therule protection scope of Blockchainso that ourselves are in all scope ofBlockchain which will create a credit era whereeveryone is compliance with the rules. This is an era of mobile Blockchain.

  

  我们可以想象一下,在未来几年内,当我们可以把这一台台的服务器缩小到手机大小,随身携带,或者将现在的手机的性能和存储提升十倍,我们就可以随时随地地参与到区块链的规则当中,随时随地都在区块链的规则保护范围内,这将为我们带来一个人人遵守规则的可信环境,让我们可以心无旁骛的专注于事情本身。

  You canimagine that in the future, when we can reduce the size of the current serversto mobile phones, carry-on with you, or improve the performance and storage ofcurrent mobile phones tenfold, thenwe canparticipate in the rules of Blockchain anytime and anywhere, and enjoy theclose credit services of Blockchain let us exist under the protection of blockchains rules, and provide us with a credible environment for activities, sothat we can concentrate on things without distraction.

  四、真正信用时代的开启

  The starting of the true credit era

  此刻,也许大家认为移动区块链离我们还很遥远,但这可能是一种错觉;相信在不久的将来,我们几乎一切活动都将离不开移动区块链,它将为我们解决各种信用问题,解决医疗食品溯源问题,为我们解决数据安全隐私泄漏问题,等等。

  At thismoment, some of you may think that mobile Blockchain is far away from us, butthis may be an illusion; I believe that in the near future, almost all ouractivities will be inseparable from the mobile Blockchain. It will help ussolve personal credit problems, the medical food traceability problems, datasecurity privacy leaks, ETC.

  

  移动区块链,为我们打造了一个全新的信用基础设施,它将为我们化解社会摩擦,润滑社会生产关系,让社会中的人与人之间的关系变得简单而又纯粹,让社会中的好人越来越容易生活,不遵守规则的坏人也将被逼变成好人,整个社会也将朝着和谐而又美好的方向加速前进;

  Thebirth of mobile Blockchain provides us with a new credit infrastructure. Itwill help us to resolve social friction, lubricate social production rELAtions,make people simple and quintessential, and make the good people in societyeasier to live. It also will force bad people who do not obey the rules tobecome good people and realize the development of whole society.

   

  移动区块链在不久的将来,为我们打造了一个人人可信的信用时代,而这个时代也将全面超越当下、以及过去任何时代都望尘莫及的高度。而移动区块链,是我们到达这个美好时代的关键桥梁,没有之一。谢谢。

  In the near future, mobile Blockchain willbuild a trusted credit era for all of us, and this era will reach a heightbeyond the present and all previous eras in an all-round way. The mobile Blockchainis the only way lead to this amazing age. Thanks for listening.

  -END-

   鸣谢

  摄影:Kai Wang / 宽和·拍立享

  翻译:TEDxShapowei2018翻译组

  字幕整理:Amy / 小米

  

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原文标题:新春特辑 | 移动区块链是通往信用时代的唯一途径:杨税令@TEDxShapowei

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